Date: August 29, 1996
Time: 1022
Location: Near Longyearbyen, Norway
Operator: Vnokovo Airlines
Flight #: 2801
Route: Moscow - Svalbard
AC Type: Tupolev TU-154M
Registration: RA-85621
cn / ln: 86A-742
Aboard: 141   (passengers:129  crew:12)
Fatalities: 141   (passengers:129  crew:12)
Ground: 0
Summary: The aircraft crashed 7 nm short of the runway into Operafjellet Mountain at an altitude of 2,900 ft. while attempting to land in poor weather. The crew did not use the usual approach which includes a turn over the ocean, but rather took a route that led through a narrow valley. Inadequate planning, unsatisfactory crew resource management and monitoring, not discontinuing the approach when procedural uncertainties existed and limited knowledge of the operating language and the actual airspace. The passengers were mainly Russian coal miners headed for a Russian mine on one of the Norwegian islands.

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