Airline Accident Rates

These accident rates are not safety ratings. There are many factors that contribute to the safety rating of an airline including, but not limited to, accident history, maintenance and operational procedures, types of training programs, age of fleet and specific routes flown. In addition there are different ways to analyze past accident data. The accident rates below are based on only three basic parameters. Number of flights, the number of fatal accidents and the fatality rate of those accidents. The methodology is listed below the tables.

Aviation accidents are extremely rare, with the probability of a passenger being killed on a single flight at approximately eight million-to-one. If a passenger boarded a flight at random, once a day, everyday, it would statistically be over 21,000 years before he or she would be killed.

DISCLAIMER These accident rates should not be used to provide an assessment of an airline’s safety profile or future risk of an accident. These rates are derived from past accidents and not an estimate or prediction of future risk. There are many factors in judging the safety of an air carrier which are not found here. These rates are not meant to endorse or condemn any particular airline or group of airlines nor are they intended to persuade or dissuade use of any particular airline. The accident rates and method of calculation of the accident rates are solely the opinion of this web site and the creator is not responsible for how this information is used and will not be held legally responsible for any consequences arising from the misuse of this information. There are numerous commercial organizations that provide complete and extensive safety ratings of commercial air carriers.

TWENTY YEARS OF DATA 1992 - 2011

  TEN YEARS OF DATA 2002 - 2011

NORTH AMERICA

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Events
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Air Canada
     4.37 
0
0
(1983)
      -537%
AirTran Airways(ValuJet)
     2.60
1
1.00
1996
       +75% 
Alaska Airines/ Horizon
     5.08
1
1.00
2000
      -174% 
American Airlines
   16.51
5
4.04
2001
         +5% 
American Eagle / Executive
   11.10    
4
2.72
1994
        -28%      
Comair
     4.86    
2
2.00
2006
     +283%      
Continental AL/Cont. Exp.
   12.39    
4
1.0  
2009
      -905%      
Delta Airlines
   16.03    
1
0.02
1996
    -1695%      
Hawaiian Airlines
     1.25    
0
0
None
      -225%      
JetBlue
     1.62    
0
0
None
      -262%      
Southwest Airlines
   18.15    
0
0
None
    -1915%  
United Airlines
   12.87    
3
2.00
2001
      -517%
United Express
   11.50    
2
1.50
1996
      -598%
US Airways
   11.91   
3
2.51
1994
      -200%
WestJet
     1.30    
0
0
None
      -230%
EUROPE

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Events
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Aer Lingus
1.28    
0
0         
(1968)
       -228%       
Aeroflot Russian Airlines
2.37    
5
4.93   
2008
    +1807%       
Air Europa
0.90    
0
0         
None
        -190%       
Air France
6.68    
5
3.95   
2009
       +949%       
Alitalia-Compagnia Aerea
3.84    
0
0         
(1990)
        -484%       
Austrian Airlines
1.03    
0
0         
(1960)
        -203%       
British Airways
5.06    
0
0         
(1976)
        -606%       
British Midland
2.07    
0
0         
(1989)
        -307%       
EasyJet
2.69    
0
0         
None
        -369%       
Finnair
2.00    
0
0         
(1963)
        -300%       
Iberia
3.71    
0
0         
(1985)
        -471%       
Icelandair
0.53    
0
0         
(1951)
        -153%       
JAT Yugoslavian Airways
0.28    
0
0         
(1973)
        -128%       
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
3.10    
1
0.1     
1994
        -367%       
Lufthansa Airlines
8.19    
1
0.02   
1993
        -911%       
Malev- Hungarian Airlines
0.72    
0
0         
(1977)
  -172%         
Olympic Air
1.68
0
0          
None
        -268%       
RyanAir
3.34    
0
0         
None
       -434%       
SAS Scandinavian Airlines
5.87    
2
1.94   
(2008)
      +157%       
TAP Air Portugal
1.22    
0
0         
(1977)
       -222%        
Transaero airlines
0.25    
0
0         
None
       -125%       
Turkish Airlines
2.33    
3
1.74   
(2009)
      +423%       
Ukraine Int. Airlines
0.15    
0
0         
None
       -115%      
Virgin Atlantic Airlilnes
0.29    
0
0         
None
       -125%       
ASIA - AUSTRALIA

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Event
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Air China
3.18    
1
0.78    
2002
        -78%  
Air India /Indian Air
0.62    
1
0.95    
2010
     +251%        
Air New Zealand
1.14    
0
0          
(1979)
      -214%        
All Nippon Airways
4.02    
0
0          
(1971)
      -502%        
Asiana Airlines
1.74    
1
0.62    
1993
          -5%        
Cathay Pacific Airways
1.16    
0
0          
(1972)
      -216%        
China Airlines
0.81    
4
3.01    
2002
   +1127%        
China Eastern Airlines
3.83    
3
1.04    
2004
        -31%        
China Southern Airlines
5.08    
2
1.48    
1997
       +35%       
Dragon Air
0.45    
0
0          
None
      -145%        
Garuda Airlines
1.59    
3
0.17    
2007
      -185%        
Hainin Airlines
1.56    
0
0          
None
      -256%       
Japan Air Lines
   2.92    
0
0         
(1985)
     -392%        
Korean Airlines
2.58    
1
0.9     
1997
      +33%        
Malaysia Airlines   3.13 3 2.65 2014
     +802%        
Pakistan Airlines
1.14    
2
2          
2006
    +655%        
Philippine Air Lines
0.97    
1
0          
1994
     -197%        
Qantas Airways
2.74    
0
    0          
(1951)
     -374%        
Singapore Airlines/Silk Air
1.48    
2
1.5      
2000
    +404%        
Thai Airways
    1.84    
2
1.68    
1998
    +446%       
Virgin Blue
1.14    
0
0          
None
     -214%        
SOUTH/CENTRAL AMERICA - MEXICO-CARIBBEAN

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Event
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Aerolíneas Argentinas
1.03    
0
0          
(1970)
       -203%       
Aeromexico
2.08    
0
0          
(1986)
      - 308%       
Air Jamaica
0.37    
0
0          
None
       -137%       
Avianca
1.38    
0
0          
(1990)
       -238%       
Cubana Airlines
0.22    
4
2.76    
1999
   +1077%       
GOL / Varig
3.92    
1
1.00    
2006
         -58%       
LAN Chile S.A.
0.62    
1
0.31    
(1991)
     +162%       
Mexicana de Aviacion
1.83    
1
1.00    
(1986)
       -283%        
TACA International Airlines
0.46    
2
0.26   
2008
         -33%       
TAM
2.84    
3
2.01   
2007
      +490%       
AFRICA - MIDDLE EAST

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Event
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Air Zimbabwe
0.16
0
0          
(1979)
       - 116%
EgyptAir
1.00
2
1.2      
2002
       +322%    
El Al
0.39
0
0          
(1955)
        -139%       
Emirates Airline
1.11
0
0          
None
        -211%       
Iran Air
0.80
4
2.9      
2011
     +1081%     
Kenya Airways
0.45
2
1.94    
2007
       +699%       
Kuwait Airways
0.34
0
0          
(1988)
        -134%       
Oman Aviation
0.27
0
0          
None
        -127%       
Royal Air Maroc
0.73
1
1.00    
1994
       +262%       
Royal Jordanian
0.37
0
0          
(1979)
        -137%       
Saudi Arabian Airlines
2.13
2
1.00     
2005
       +122%       
South African Airways
1.11
0
0           
(1987)
        -211%       
Data for number of flights provided by OAGback Aviation Solutions
 
NORTH AMERICA

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Events
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Air Canada
     2.41 
0
0
(1983)
      -341%
AirTran Airways(ValuJet)
     2.17
0
0
(1996)
      -317% 
Alaska Airines/ Horizon
     2.00
0
0
(2000)
      -300% 
American Airlines
     7.85
0
0
(2001)
      -885% 
American Eagle / Executive
     5.29    
0
0
(1994)
      -629%      
Comair
     2.54    
1
1.00
2006
     +353%      
Continental AL/Cont. Exp.
     7.30   
1
1.00
2009
      -123%      
Delta Airlines
     6.60    
0
0
(1996)
      -760%      
Hawaiian Airlines
     0.64    
0
0
None
      -164%      
JetBlue
     1.58    
0
0
None
      -258%      
Southwest Airlines
   10.82    
0
0
None
    -1182%  
United Airlines
     4.93    
0
0
(2001)
      -593%
United Express
     5.09    
0
0
(1996)
      -609%
US Airways
     4.17   
0
0
(1994)
      -517%
WestJet
     1.13    
0
0
None
      -213%
EUROPE

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Events
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Aer Lingus
0.66    
0
0         
1968
      -166%       
Aeroflot Russian Airlines
0.84    
1
1.00   
2008
     +523%      
Air Europa
0.56    
0
0         
None
      -156%       
Air France
3.79    
2
2.00   
2009
     +935%       
Alitalia-Compagnia Aerea
1.84    
0
0         
(1990)
      -284%       
Austrian Airlines
0.46    
0
0         
(1960)
      -146%       
British Airways
2.06    
0
0         
(1976)
      -306%       
British Midland
1.20    
0
0         
(1989)
      -220%       
EasyJet
2.51    
0
0         
None
      -351%       
Finnair
1.11    
0
0         
(1963)
      -211%       
Iberia
1.87    
0
0         
(1985)
      -287%       
Icelandair
0.35    
0
0         
(1951)
      -135%       
JAT Yugoslavian Airways
0.18    
0
0         
(1973)
      -118%       
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
1.90    
0
0         
1994
      -290%       
Lufthansa Airlines
3.99    
0
0         
1993
      -499%       
Malev- Hungarian Airlines
0.45    
0
0         
(1977)
   -145%           
Olympic Air
0.81
0
0          
None
        -181%       
RyanAir
3.00    
0
0         
None
      -400%       
SAS Scandinavian Airlines
2.66    
1
0.94   
(2008)
     +299%       
TAP Air Portugal
0.74    
0
0         
(1977)
      -174%       
Transaero airlines
0.18    
0
0         
None
      -118%       
Turkish Airlines
1.47    
1
0.99   
(2009)
     +453%       
Ukraine Int. Airlines   0.11 0 0      None -111%   
Virgin Atlantic Airlilnes
0.19    
0
0         
None
       -119%       
ASIA - AUSTRALIA

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Event
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Air China
2.61    
1
0.78    
(2002)
      +190%  
Air India / Indian Air
0.40    
1
0.95    
2010
      +532%        
Air New Zealand
0.60    
0
0          
(1979)
       -160%        
All Nippon Airways
2.06    
0
0          
(1971)
       -306%        
Asiana Airlines
1.00    
0
0          
(1993)
       -200%        
Cathay Pacific Airways
0.69    
0
0          
(1972)
       -169%        
China Airlines
0.45    
1
1.00    
2002
      +562%        
China Eastern Airlines
3.25    
1
1.00    
2004
      +282%        
China Southern Airlines
4.07    
0
0          
(1997)
       -507%       
Dragon Air
0.37    
0
0          
None
       -137%        
Garuda Airlines
0.92    
1
0.15    
2007
         -86%        
Hainin Airlines
1.29    
0
0          
None
       -229%       
Japan Air Lines
    1.70    
0
0          
(1985)
       -270%        
Korean Airlines
1.34    
0
0          
(1997)
        -234%
Malaysia Airlines   1.40 2 2       (2014)
       +1178%    
Pakistan Airlines
0.48    
2
2.00    
2006
    +1266%        
Philippine Air Lines
0.50    
0
0          
1994
       -150%        
Qantas Airways
1.56    
0
    0          
(1951)
       -256%        
Singapore Airlines/Silk Air
0.79    
1
0.50    
2000
      +174%        
Thai Airways
    0.93    
0
0          
(1998)
       +193%       
Virgin Blue
1.10    
0
0          
None
       -213%      
SOUTH/CENTRAL AMERICA - MEXICO-CARIBBEAN

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Event
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Aerolíneas Argentinas
0.52    
0
0          
(1970)
       -152%       
Aeromexico
0.95    
0
0          
(1986)
       -195%       
Air Jamaica
0.18    
0
0          
None
       -118%       
Avianca
0.79    
0
0          
(1990)
       -179%       
Cubana Airlines
0.11    
0
0          
(1999)
       -111%       
GOL / Varig
2.57    
1
1.00    
2006
      +350%       
LAN Chile S.A.
0.28    
0
0          
(1991)
       -128%       
Mexicana de Aviacion
0.84    
1
1.00    
(1986)
       -184%        
TACA International Airlines
0.24    
2
0.26   
2008
       +59%       
TAM
2.29    
2
1.01   
2007
     +385%       
AFRICA - MIDDLE EAST

Airline
Million
Flights
Fatal
Events
Adj. Fatal
Event
Last
Fatal
Accident
Above / Below Average
Accident
Rate
Air Zimbabwe
0.06
0
0          
(1979)
        -106%        
EgyptAir
0.60
1
0.20    
2002
         - 19%       
El Al
0.22
0
0          
(1955)
        -122%       
Emirates Airline
0.87
0
0          
None
        -187%       
Iran Air
0.43
3
1.90    
2011
     +1200%       
Kenya Airways
0.30
1
1.00    
2000
       +577%       
Kuwait Airways
0.20
0
0          
(1988)
        -120%       
Oman Aviation
0.20
0
0          
None
        -120%       
Royal Air Maroc
0.47
0
0          
(1994)
        -147%       
Royal Jordanian
0.24
0
0          
None
        -124%       
Saudi Arabian Airlines
1.19
1
1.00     
2005
      +488%       
South African Airways
0.60
0
0           
(1987)
       -160%       
Data for number of flights provided by OAGback Aviation Solutions

A negative (-) percentage means the airline has an accident rate below the average (better). A positive (+) percentage means the airline has an accident rate above the average (worse).

  • Million Flights - the number of departures in millions.

  • Fatal Events - the number of passenger flights on which there was at least one passenger fatality.

  • Adjusted Fatal Event -

The Adjusted Fatal Event is calculated as follows:
The actual fatal events is adjusted downward depending on what percentage of passengers were killed in each accident. The calculation of the Adjusted Fatal Events is illustrated in the following example.

An airline has 3 accidents involving fatalities:
In the first accident 120 out of 120 passengers are killed.
In the second accident 75 out of 150 passengers are killed.
In the third accident 5 out of 200 passengers are killed.

120/120 = 1
75/150 = 0.5
5/200 = 0.025

Instead of 3 actual fatal events, the Adjusted Fatal Events becomes, 1 + 0.5 + 0.025 or 1.525.

  • Last Event - the year in which the last fatal accident took place (dates in parenthesis are accidents not included in the calculations as they are older than 10 or 20 years).

  • Accident Rate - (not shown in chart) is calculated as follows:
  • The Accident Rate is calculated as follows:


Accident Rate = (D-(A*(B/C)))

    Where:
    A = number of million flights completed by the airline
    B = adjusted fatal events for all airlines on list
    C = number of million flights for all airlines on list
    D = adjusted fatal events of the airline


  • Above or Below Accident Rate - the individual airline accident rate is compared to the average accident rate for all airlines on the list and reported at above or below the average. A negative (-) number is a lower accident rate. A positive (+) number is a higher accident rate.

Some Airlines With No Passenger Fatalities

 

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