January 5, 1969
Gatwick Airport, London, England
Ariana Afghan Airlines, Flight 701
Boeing B-727-113C
The aircraft descended below the glide slope and crashed into trees and a house short
of the runway killing 50 of 65 aboard and 2 on the ground. Incorrect setting of flaps and

LAC = London Airways Control
GA = Gatwick Approach
??= unknown.
CPT = Captain
F/O = First Officer
F/E = Flight Engineer
[RT] = Radio transmission

01.13 LAC: Gatwick's runway visual range is 100 meters ... er ... confirm your point of landing now.
Roger, we are trying ... er ... to Gatwick, we'll see later.
  LAC: 701. I didn't get that. Again, please.
I say again ... er ... we are trying in Gatwick, 701.
  LAC: [asks 701 to maintain height and course to Mayfield beacon and then on to Gatwick]
  LAC: Gatwick visual range is 100 meters.
  LAC: [says that Runway 27 is the Runway to be used]
Gatwick. The runway 27.
01.20 LAC: [gives permission to descend to 8,000ft ]
01.23 LAC: 701, London. I just checked Gatwick. The runway remains ... the range remains at ... er ... 100 meters and there's no sign of improvement at the moment.
We'll try Gatwick ... er ... if we cannot make it at Gatwick will it be OK if we go to Heathrow?
  LAC: [acknowledges the question and clears the flight to 5,000ft with a direct course to Mayfield beacon]
01.27 GA: Gatwick weather - surface wind is calm. Met visibility is five zero 50 meters in freezing fog. Runway visual range is equal to 100 one zero zero meters. Temperature is -3.
[acknowledges runway number and barometric pressure]
  GA: Er ... 701, do you wish to make an approach?
That's affirmative.
  GA: [clears 701 down to 2,000ft]
  CPT: It's ground fog, not air fog.
  ??: Yeah, once you get in it you have to be very fucking slick.
  F/E: I suppose it'll be known as freezing fog, not moving.
  GA: [directs 701 for a runway course]
  CPT: Alter course.
  CPT: What's the minimum?
  F/O: Minimum?
  CPT: Yeah.
  F/O: Gatwick ....er, minimum two hundred [cloud base] and a half mile [visual range].
  CPT: Two hundred and a half.
  CPT: What's the sea level? We don't see the ...
  GA: 701 ... er ... in event of an overshot will you be wishing to go back to Mayfield or proceed to London?
Er ... proceed to Mayfield then proceed to London, 701.
01.29 LAC : [tells 701 that they're at 13 DME]
  CPT: Flaps two.
  CPT: Flaps five.
  F/O: Outer marker number one identified.
  F/O: Roger, put flaps one five.
[tells approach that 701 is established on the localizer]
  GA: [clears 701 to descend from 2,000ft]
  GA: In the event of ... er ... overshoot, climb on runway heading to 2,000ft.
  CPT: What is the flap?
  F/O: Flaps at fifteen ... glideslope alive.
  CPT: Gear down.
  F/O: Gear is coming down.
  F/O: What's that red light?
  CPT: Yeah, that's the light at the end of 09. [it was actually a hazard warning light on top of a hill short of the runway]
  F/O: [asks the engineer if the stabilizer out of trim warning light went on and to set the bug points on the airspeed indicator to 114kts and 124kts]
  F/E: V Ref set at 114 at your side.
  F/O: 124 set.
  F/E: Anti skid five releases.
  F/O: Gear down and three green lights.
01.32 F/E: Stand by for the flaps
  F/E: [says that flaps should have been going to 25 and 40 degrees]
  GA: [gives 701 clearance to land]
  GA: Runway visual range still 100 meters.
  GA: [acknowledges 701 over the outer marker]
  CPT: Flaps three zero.
  CPT: Three zero coming down.
01.33 F/O: Four hundred feet.
  CPT: Four hundred feet?
  F/O: Yes, we have four hundred feet.
    [Sound of full power being applied]
  F/O: We're finished!

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